The Washington Democrats and labors are opposing the revamp of the North America Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA) by President Trump. The opposition says that this roadblocks will lessen down the probability of passing the agreement before the next Presidential election.
Congress has arrived back this week with top priorities. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other dignitaries of democrat parties have signaled that they won’t all the passage of agreement involving US, Mexico, and Canada without certain changes. Democrats want to strengthen the labor rights by improving the protection of labor protection that will stabilize their wages and jobs.
Trump administration says that the concerns by the opposition can be handled in follow up litigation after the implementation of the United States-Mexico-Canda(USMCA) agreement. The agreement has been signed on 30th November 2018 but needs to be ratified by all the three countries. Looking forward to the season of the election, some Republicans say that the delay will look forward to adding restraints and advancing the deal for the present ruling administration.
“We were watching for signs that people would react positively to the signing of USMCA. That seems to have fallen off a little bit lately because [of] the issue of ratification,” Bank of Canada Gov. Stephen Poloz said.
“The USMCA will actually impact more than two million American manufacturing jobs that depend on exports to Canada and Mexico,” Vice President Mike Pence said. “It’s absolutely essential because the USMCA will finally give workers the level playing field and be able to compete and win on a global stage as never before.”
In 1993, Democrats have had voted for NAFTA and their labor provision was ineffective. Now, they want to make sure that the present administration of the US has special enforcement tools under USMCA. Democrats said that they have focused to improve the standards of labor in Mexico by increasing their wage and to eventually reduce the incentive on the US firm.
“Reflecting on the history of our concerns with Nafta, we question whether there is reason to believe that the new agreement will lead to meaningful change and real improvements for labor standards in Mexico,” House Democrats, led by Rep. Richard Neal of Massachusetts, chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, wrote in a letter to U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer this month.
Meanwhile, some Republicans are pushing through the matter of removal of tariffs on Canada and Mexico over steel and aluminum exports. Mexican Ambassador Martha Bárcena said that she talked with Mr. Brown over the matter of proposal but she insists that any labor changes should be the same in all the three countries. “I said, ‘Perfect, senator, we agree: Will assume the U.S. will receive a team of labor inspectors from Mexico to see if tomato farmers in Florida are complying.’
The new NAFTA rules say that the Automobile makers must have 75% of the manufactured components in the US, Mexico, and Canada to qualify for zero tariffs. 40-45% of automobile parts should be made by labor who at least earn $16/hour by the year 2023. The agreement can be revised every six years.
Mexico is reluctant to any changes in the USMCA and so does Trump Administration. But AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka says that he would guarantee that the agreement won’t pass until the asked changes.